Cultural-Historical Heritage

The Panonian part of Bosnia, where the area of Laktaši Municipality lies, is the area known by numerous cultural-historical monuments. A fertile flat area, containing water in abundance, forests, pastures, a favourable climate as well as good traffic lines and good geo-strategic position make it possible for strong cultural-historical processes to happen. This plain area, cut by river valleys, offered good conditions for living as well as development of traffic in all phases of human society development.

Among the oldest findings preserved up till nowadays are the premises of Brdašce in Laktaši which dates back from Palaeolithic period, where various tools, ceramic dishes as well as numerous metal findings were found two meters deep in the ground.

Important findings from later epochs are “Pećina” in Klašnice and “Luke” –
Kužno cemetery in Mahovljani dated from the Bronze and/or Iron period.

Traces of Roman architecture have been preserved at several locations in places of Šušnjari (“Gradina”), Mahovljani, Trn, as well as the locality “Zidine” in Laktaši, which is evidence of a piece of a public bath (Thermal) and of use of thermal-mineral waters in that period.

Later on, during the middle ages, this area was given the name Župa Vrbaska which was inhabited by the Slavic people, whereas various occupiers took turns – Goths, Byzantine, Hungary before Turks arrived to this region. Findings dated from this period are numerous, particularly interesting are “Berek” in Mahovljani and “Osoje” in Malo Blaško, the Old church made of wood as evidence of Serbian people in these regions during the Turkish rule when this area belonged to the so-called Kobaš kadiluk.

Upon several centuries of Turkish rule, great powers decided that Bosnia and Herzegovina would be under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire up to the First World War. New occupiers in this region brought Italians, Germans, Ukrainians and Polish people to the region. That is how the “Tiro Colony” was established and inhabited by Italians and Poles in Mahovljani and by Germans in Topola (Vindsdorf) and Aleksandrovac (Rudolfstall).

After the First World War Bosnia and Herzegovina entered the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, later on becoming the Kingdom of Yugoslavia when the peoples of this region became free. The area of Laktaši Municipality became a part of Vrbas county in 1929.

The best known and most developed places in this region throughout the entire period after the First and the Second World Wars were Slatina and Laktaši towns, thanks to the spas bearing the same names, being the basic movers of development.

The second half of eighties in the twentieth century was the beginning of the so-called “Laktaši industrial wonder”, when Laktaši opened its door to private entrepreneurship thus drawing attention of big capital investments.

Although the last war had huge consequences on the economic development, the Municipality of Laktaši currently belongs to the group of most developed municipalities in the Republic of Srpska and in Bosnia and Herzegovina, having a great number of small and middle-sized private companies whereas the future development of the municipality is based on two main industrial branches, agriculture and tourism.

Most of the population of the Municipality Laktaši are Serbs, while the number of minorities is significant as well, namely: Croats, Slovenians, Germans, Poles, Ukrainians and Checks. Main occupation of inhabitants in the first part of 20th century was agriculture, which is dominant nowadays, although trade industry has been developed in recent years.